Malta is a small and densely populated island. It comprises an archipelago of seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. One can say that Malta is a country of Southern Europe and lies south of Sicily, east of Tunisia, and north of Libya. There are two official languages in Malta, they are Maltese and English. Roman Catholicism is the most practised religion. The islands that constitute the Maltese nation have often been governed by various powers and fought over for centuries. It has become a member of the European Union (EU) since 2004 and it is currently the smallest EU country when it is considered from the point of view of population and area.