The 3rd largest island in the Mediterranean, Cyprus stretches 240 km from the west coast to its easternmost tip and 96 km from north to south. Two impressive mountain ranges produce a dramatic effect and have a great magnitude. There are 6 major towns Nicosia, the capital situated inland, and the 5 coastal towns of Limassol, Larnaka, Pafos, Kyrenia and Famagusta. There are a lot of hotels situated in these towns to please tourists. But Kyrenia and Famagusta, situated in the north and east respectively, have been under Turkish occupation since 1974 and visitors have no access to these towns. Cyprus's landscape is very contrastive, from its fertile central plain to the cool vine-clad foothills; the majesty of the cedar valley in which wild indigenous moufflon roam; mile after mile of sandy shores with secluded beaches to seek out, and hundreds of villages to explore each with its own kind of tradition. Splendid olive trees grow nest to plantations of citrus and banana, and an endless profusion of vines add variety to an island where everything seems to blossom.